Fishermen's Reserve collection [textual records, graphic materials]

Supplied title note
Title based on the name of the creator of the records.
Collection number
VMM09
Date(s)
1939-1998
Physical description

0.33 meters of textual records
104 photographs : b&w ; 2 x 5" - 11 x 14"
53 negatives : b&w ; 2 x 5" - 4 x 5"

Administrative history / Biographical sketch

The Royal Canadian Navy created the Fishermen's Reserve in 1938 in response to the growing onset of World War II. A Naval Reserve was formed consisting of men who had at least three years of coastal shipping experience (fishing, tow-boating, freighting). In 1940 they were called to active duty as a regular branch of the Navy for the duration of the war with orders to defend the Pacific Coast against a possible Japanese invasion.

The Fishermen's Reserve played a lead role in the round-up of Japanese fishing boats when the Canadian Government decided to evacuate the Japanese residents to inland locations. The Reserve patrolled all of the outside coastline from continental United States to the Alaskan waters. In addition to regular patrol work, they regularly swept the entrances to coastal ports for possible mines planed by enemy submarines and examined vessels at strategic points along the coast. The ships carried depth charges to roll over the stern in the event of an encounter with submarines.

The original reserve boasted 400 men; later 600 more were recruited and some of these men were given commando training and later went overseas to man the landing barges of Normandy and Sicily. By October 1941, the Fishermen's Reserve was made up of 17 ships and until the advent of the first corvettes, was the only naval force available on the west coast. The ships were mostly fishing craft of various kinds, many of them seiners. It remained an ad hoc organization until August 1942 when its personnel began formal training in Esquimalt in an establishment called "Givenchy II".

The danger of a Japanese attack on the west coast failed to materialize and through 1943-1944, the Fishermen's Reserve personnel were discharged or siphoned off into the Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve. By the end of 1944 the force ceased to exist.

Scope & content

Records in the collection include correspondence and announcements about reunion events, reunion attendance books, personal reminisces of time spent in the Fishermen's Reserve, newspaper clippings and articles on the history of the reserve, and photographs of members and vessels that served in the Fishermen's Reserve.

Arrangement
Records arranged by Archivist.
Languages
English
Related materials
See records/ephemera/publications related to the Royal Canadian Navy.
Related vessels
HMCS Marauder ; HMCS Nenamook (FY 13); HMCS San Thomas (FY02); HMCS Sans Peur (Z02); HMCS Vanisle (FY01); HMCS Wolf (Z16)
LC Subject Headings
World War, 1939-1945
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