Vancouver Sun and Province collection [graphic materials, textual records]

Collection number
Administrative history / Biographical sketch

Pacific Newspaper Group, Inc. is a newspaper publisher in Canada. The company provides The Province and The Vancouver Sun newspapers that cover various issues, such as local news, sports, entertainment, classified advertising, business, arts and life, and travel news. It also engages in publishing e-newspapers. The company is based in Vancouver, Canada. Pacific Newspaper Group, Inc. operates as a subsidiary of Postmedia Network Inc.

The Vancouver Sun is a daily newspaper first published in British Columbia on February 12, 1912. The Sun’s first office was located at 125 West Pender Street, just around the corner from The Province, its rival at the time. From 1917 until his death in 1936, its publisher was Robert James Cromie. In 1924, the Sun bought the Vancouver World newspaper, which had been in financial difficulty for some time. In March 1937, a fire destroyed the Sun's business and editorial offices. The Sun promptly moved across the street into the World Building, where the World had been published. The building was accordingly renamed the Sun Tower.

The Province is a Vancouver daily, founded in 1898. The newspaper was launched in 1894 in Victoria, BC, as a weekly, called The Province, by Hewitt Bostock and his associates. In 1898 the Klondike Gold Rush started business booming in Vancouver and it was decided to transfer the operation there. In 1923, the Southam family bought The Province. By 1945 the paper's printers went out on strike. The Province had been the best selling newspaper in Vancouver, ahead of The Vancouver Sun and News Herald. As a result of the six-week strike, it lost significant market share, at one point falling to third place.

In 1958, the Sun and the Province joined to create the Pacific Press in response to the rising costs of producing newspapers. First the papers merged their mechanical and financial departments, then they both moved into the Pacific Press Building on December 27, 1965.

The Sun's newspaper's photography department became the first in the world to fully switch over to digital photography following the 1994 release of the Kodak DCS 400 series. The camera was developed by Kodak in collaboration with The Associated Press. Later in 1997 the paper moved to Granville Square, which houses both the Sun and the Province since 1997.

Although its staff of reporters has shrunken considerably in recent years, the Sun still has the largest newsroom in Vancouver. The Sun is a broadsheet newspaper and was not originally related to the Sun Media chain and its tabloid Sun papers in Toronto, Ottawa, Winnipeg, Calgary and Edmonton. However, Sun Media was acquired by Postmedia in 2015, making the Vancouver Sun and the tabloid Sun papers part of the same company.


Scope & content

Collection consists of files organized alphabetically by vessel name or subject. The files were used by Vancouver Sun/Province reporters for reference while writing their stories. The files would have originally been created and maintained in the separate libraries of the two newspapers. The libraries were combined, likely when the two newspapers moved into the Pacific Press Building in 1965.

The files consist of photographs, wire photographs, documents, and clippings related to local ships. Some images were shot by local Sun/Province photographers, some were handouts from shipping companies, some were from the Canadian military, and some were wire photos (Canadian Press) printed on wire paper. Many of the photographs were published, but some would have been taken and then not used, possibly because they were an alternate take of something that ran in one of the papers.

The Vancouver Sun and Province maintain copyright on photographs taken by their photographers. The Sun identified its photographers early in its history (approximately 1920s), but the Province did not start running bylines with photographs until the 1940s or 50s. All other photographs included in the collection must be researched to determine copyright ownership or public domain eligibility.

Original order of the files has been maintained. Due to the nature of the files, no series were created.
Related materials
See also the VMM Ship Files collection (VMM45) and VMM Photograph collection (VMM48) for more information on specific ships.
Reproductions: Copyright, where applicable, remains with Postmedia. Please contact the company for reproduction permissions.